The partners of the Green InterTraffic project have prepared the Special Survey on the comparison of the road traffic emission calculation methods in Russia and in Finland, as well as the assessing the environmental load of the cross-border traffic.
The first part contains comparison of basic and normative legislative acts and program documents, which determine the amount of greenhouse gas and other air emissions from vehicles using different types of fuel and energy. In the second part of the Survey contains comparison approaches and methodology of the calculation of greenhouse gas and other air emissions from vehicles in Russia and Finland as neighbour countries for the purpose of creation of united principles and approaches towards preservation of environment and stable ecological development.
EU countries, including Finland, have considerable experience in the development and use of methodological documents that determine the calculation of greenhouse gas emissions by road. The Russian Federation has not resolved a number of problems associated with the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions from road transport. In particular, Russia does not have approved methods for inventorying and calculating greenhouse gas emissions from road transport in the regions and along highways. In Russia, there are no regulatory requirements for specific CO2 emissions of new cars, eco-labeling of vehicles to identify their energy efficiency, an effective system for monitoring the technical condition and fuel economy of cars of individual owners.
Among the priorities is the development of industry methodology for determining the volume of greenhouse gas emissions by stationary and mobile road transport facilities in the Russian Federation. The analysis showed that it is advisable to use the three-level EMEP / EEA (previously called EMEP / CORINAIR) methodology developed by the UNECE as a basic methodology for calculating emissions of greenhouse gases and other harmful substances from automobile transport. Testing the methodology for determining the volume of greenhouse gas emissions and other harmful substances from road transport to the atmosphere is provided for by the example of the European road E-18 on the section from St. Petersburg to Helsinki.
Bringing the methodological base for calculating the emissions of greenhouse gases and other harmful substances from road transport in the Russian Federation and Finland to a common standard will contribute to the development of integrated approaches to the creation of an environmental monitoring system in the border territories of two neighbouring states and the adoption of coordinated measures to improve the environmental friendliness of the road European route E-18 on a section from St. Petersburg to Helsinki.
Read the full text of the Special Survey by link.26 September 2019